O. G. Terentyeva
Omsk Humanitarian Academy, Omsk, Russian Federation
Textology peculiarities of etymological dictionaries entries on the example of the description of historical features of prefixes with ancient semantics of collectivity, connection
Abstract. The article examines the texts of dictionary entries describing the history and etymology of prefixes of
various origins: Common Slavic, Greek, and Latin. The study of the texts of various dictionaries makes it possible to consider
and describe the etymology of related morphemes comprehensively. The article also establishes genetic correspondences
between words of the modern Russian language (although such work is possible in other language systems) and makes
a subsequent reconstruction of the original form and the original meaning of the prefix. The information obtained from
comparing dictionary entries reflects both the changes in the prefix’s seme and the peculiarities of its historical fate in
the Russian language. The information about the lexemes presented in the article allows us to discover the etymological
relationship of morphemes and describe the vocabulary of the modern language from the point of view of diachrony.
The study found that there are variations in the sound composition of morphemes in words borrowed in different
ways; the genetic scheme of the same morpheme can vary when borrowing words from different languages; sound
alternations in morphemes can have grammatical reasons; at the junction of the prefix and the root, distinguished by
etymological analysis (in borrowed words), cases of assimilation are very frequent; cases of loss of the prefix phoneme
are not uncommon.
Keywords: dictionary entry text, dictionary, prefix, etymology, semantics, sema, sememe, etymological relatives.
Paper submitted: July 11, 2021.
For citation: Terentyeva O. G. (2021) Textology peculiarities of etymological dictionaries entries on the example of
the description of historical features of prefixes with ancient semantics of collectivity, connection. The Science of Person:
Humanitarian Researches, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 47–59. DOI: 10.17238/issn1998-5320.2021.15.3.6.