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THE CODE OF ETHICS OF SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS

The future of science in general and the sphere of scientific publication depends largely not only on compliance with laws and regulations, but also on the adherence to the principles of ethics of mutual relations between participants of scientific and publishing community. This is the key to improve the number of quality scientific publications, as well as the successful development of mutual cooperation of authors, publishers and readers of scientific publications. The overall experience of ethical behavior is collected into a single document – the Code of ethics of scientific publications (hereinafter – the Code) developed by the Committee on the ethics of scientific publications.

The code of ethics of scientific publications combines and reveals General principles and rules that should be followed by the participants of the scientific publication process: authors, reviewers, editors, publishers, distributors and readers.

Key terms:

Publication ethics is a system of norms of professional behavior in relations between authors, reviewers, editors, publishers and readers in the process of creation, dissemination and use of scientific publications.

The editor is the representative of the scientific journal or publishing house, who prepares materials for publication, as well as supporting communication with the authors and readers of scientific publications.

The author is the person or group of people (group of authors) involved in the creation of the publication of scientific research results.

The reviewer is an expert acting on behalf of a scientific journal or publishing house and conducting scientific expertise of copyright materials to determine the possibility of their publication.

The publisher is a legal or private person carrying out the release of scientific publication.

The reader is any person who is acquainted with the published materials.

Plagiary is the intentional appropriation of authorship of another person’s product of science or art, foreign ideas or inventions. Plagiary may be a violation of copyright and patent law and as such may entail legal liability.

The principles of professional ethics in  the editor’s and publisher’s work

The editor is responsible for publication of author's works, which imposes the need to follow the subsequent fundamental principles:

- When deciding on publishing the editor of the scientific journal is guided by reliability of presented data and scientific importance of the work.

- An editor should evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, social status or political preferences of the authors.

- Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used for personal purposes or transferred to a third parties without written consent of the author. Information or ideas obtained in the course of editing and related to possible benefits must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain.

- The editor should not allow the information to be published if there is sufficient reason to believe that it is plagiary.

- The editor together with the publisher should not leave unanswered complaints concerning the considered manuscripts or published materials, and also they should take all necessary measures to restore violated rights in any conflict situation.

Ethical principles in the reviewer’s work

Reviewer provides scientific expertise of copyright material, so his actions should be impartial, in compliance with the following principles:

- Manuscript received for review must be treated as a confidential document that cannot be transmitted for familiarization or discussion to third parties without a permission from the editors.

- The reviewer must give objective and reasoned assessment of study results. Personal criticism of the author is unacceptable.

- The reviewer must not use the unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript for his personal purposes.

The reviewer who thinks he is not qualified to evaluate the manuscript or who cannot be objective, for example, in case of a conflict of interest between the author or organization,  should inform the editor with a request to be excluded from the reviewing process of this manuscript.

The principles that the author of scientific publications should follow:

The author (or the group of authors) realizes that they bear primary responsibility for novelty and validity of scientific research results, which implies respect for the following principles:

- The authors should provide reliable research results. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements are unacceptable.

- Authors must guarantee that the results of a study described in a submitted manuscript is completely original. Borrowed fragments or statements must be formalized with the obligatory indication of the author and source. Excessive borrowing and plagiary in any form, including unformalized quotes, paraphrasing or assignment of rights to the results of other people's research are unethical and unacceptable.

- It is necessary to recognize the contribution of all people somehow influenced the course of the study, in particular, the article must contain the references to the works which had value during the research.

- Authors should not submit the manuscript to the journal which was sent to another journal and is under consideration, as well as articles already published in another journal.

- The list of co-authors of the article should include all people who have made a significant contribution to the study. It is unacceptable to indicate people among the co-authors who did not participate in the study.

- If the author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in the article at the stage of examination or after its publication, he must inform the editorial board as soon as possible.

The code of ethics of scientific publications was developed and approved by the Ethics Committee of scientific publications.

 

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